History of Ayodhya
Ayodhya, which is situated in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh, is an ancient city of India. It is held to be the birthplace of Ramchandra, seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, and also was the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. Ajodhya is said to be one of the most ancient, magnificent and holy of the Hindu cities. It is on the banks of Gogra (Ghaghra or Saryu) river, bathing in which is supposed to destroy even the deadliest sins. It is said to have covered an area of 250 km.
The city was once ruled by Surya Vanshi Kings and was the court of great King Dasratha. Shri Rama was the son of Dasratha. In the Atharvaveda, the city that was made by Gods and was as prosperous as heaven itself.
Skanda and some other Puranas mention Ayodhya as one of the seven most sacred cities of India. It was the venue of many events in Hindu mythology, today pre-eminently a temple town.
Ayodhya is also said to be the birthplace of King Bharata (the first chakaravarti king), Bahubali, Brahmi, Sundri, king Harischandra, Sri Rama Achalabharta, and the ninth Gandhara King Mahavir Swami.
Several religions have grown and prospered at different periods. Remenants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya. According to Jainism, five tirthankara were born at ayodhya, including Adinath (1st ) Abhinandnath(4th )Sumatinath(5th )and Anantnath(14th )
The city was named after king Ayudh (as mentioned in the ancient Hindu Scriptures) was one of the forefathers of Lord Rama.Ayudh in Sanskrit means “unconquerable”.
The cities of “Ayutthaya”, Thailand and “Yogyakarta” Indonesia are named after Ayodhya.